Piazza Venezia is a famous square in Rome. It is situated near the Campidoglio,
where there are the most important streets of the centre of Rome: via dei Fori Imperiali, via del Corso, via del Plebiscito.
Its actual aspect underlines that the square derives widely from the participations of demolition and reconstruction between the end of the 1800's and the beginning of the 1900's. It is very important to remember the Victorian, built during two centuries, colossal monument to Vittorio Emanuele II (often erroneously identified with the Altar of the Native land, of which in truth it is only a part). In order to realize the enormous complex some ancient constructions were demolished, among them the monastery of Ara Coeli. In ’30 years the small Venice palace was moved because it was between the square. The Victorian maintain the rests of the Milite Ignoto, to remember the soldiers fallen in war without worthy interment, incessantly watched by two military and from a lighted flame. The complex of Vittoriano accommodates periodically important exhibitions, beyond the Sacrario of the flags.
On the western side there is the facade of the Venice Palace, that it was initially the Pope house: Pope Giulio II assisted from the balcony of the palace to the race of the Barb horses, that until 1883 took place along via del Corso and finished in the square.
Then, from 1564 to 1797, there was the venetian representation near the Papal State. When the Conference of Vienna assigned to the Asburgo the territories of Serenissima, also the palace followed the same fate and acted as embassy of the Empire Austro-hungarian until 1914, when it was confiscated from the State. In the period of the Fascism, Benito Mussolini chose it as president's house and from the balcony he pronounced its speeches.
In front of the Venice palace it has been raised, to first of the 1900's, the Palace of the General Assurances of Venice, whose facade (architect Giuseppe Sacconi) resumes the essential lines of the most ancient palace that faces it; it is adorned by a lion of Saint Mark captured from a bastion of the walls of Padova.
Beyond to Venice Palace, of the original arrangement of the square the north side has been conserved with the Bonaparte Palace, where Letizia Ramolino lived, mother of Napoleone.

Rome Your Home © 2007 Copyright - created by paolo tota