Spain Square, with the perron of Trinità dei Monti, is one of the most famous public squares in Rome.
The monumental perron of 135 steps was inaugurated from Pope Benedict XIII in occasion of the Giubileo of 1725; it was realized (thanks to the French financings of 1721-1725) in order to connect the Spanish borbonic embassy (to which the name of the square) to the church of the SS. Trinità dei Monti.
It was designed by Alexander Specchi and Francisco De Sanctis after long discussions on how the steep slope on the side of Pincio had to be urbanized in order to connect it to the church. The final solution chosen is the large staircase decorated with many terrace-gardens, and in spring and summer it is adorned with many flowers.
In the square there is the most famous fountain of Barcaccia, (first Baroque period), carved from Pietro Bernini and his son, Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
To the right angle of the staircase there is the house of the English poet John Keats, who lived and died there in 1821, today transformed in a museum dedicated to Keat’s and his friend Percy Bysshe Shelley’s memory, full of books and memory of the English Romantic period.

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