It is a Roman square, between the street of Giubbonari
and the square of Cancelleria, to the borders of
the districts Parione and Regola. Until the 1400's the
square didnt exist and to its place there was
a bloomed meadow with some cultivated gardens, from
which the name.
In 1456 Pope Callisto III ordered to pave the place;
it made part of a reorganization plan of the complete
district Parione. This changement allowed that many
important palaces were constructed in that zone: in
particular, Orsini palace was situated in Campo de
For this reason the square became a place of obliged
passage for important personalities, like ambassadors
and cardinals. That carried a good situation in the
zone: the square became the centre of a flourishing
market of the horses, two times a week (monday and saturday),
and around it there were many inns, lodges and craftsmen
shops. The square became the centre of several activities,
commercial and cultural ones.
According to a legend, the square received this name
thanks to Flora (a woman loved by Pompeo, who had built
there his theatre), or better to the fact that in the
XV century it was simply a bloomed meadow.
In Campo de Fiori there were the executions and
the punishments with rope, and here on Thursday 17 February
1600 the philosopher and Dominican friar Giordano Bruno
was burned alive, accused of heresy, to his memory Ettore
Ferrari in 1887 realized the bronzed monument on the
same place of the stake.
From 1869 and until nowadays, it was the centre of a
lively and colorful market whose popular atmosphere
is rendered from the famous film Campo de Fiori
f 1943 with Anna Magnani and Aldo Fabrizi.