It is a Roman square, between the street of Giubbonari and the square of Cancelleria,
to the borders of the districts Parione and Regola. Until the 1400's the square didn’t exist and to its place there was a bloomed meadow with some cultivated gardens, from which the name.
In 1456 Pope Callisto III ordered to pave the place; it made part of a reorganization plan of the complete district Parione. This changement allowed that many important palaces were constructed in that zone: in particular, Orsini palace was situated in Campo de’ Fiori.
For this reason the square became a place of obliged passage for important personalities, like ambassadors and cardinals. That carried a good situation in the zone: the square became the centre of a flourishing market of the horses, two times a week (monday and saturday), and around it there were many inns, lodges and craftsmen shops. The square became the centre of several activities, commercial and cultural ones.
According to a legend, the square received this name thanks to Flora (a woman loved by Pompeo, who had built there his theatre), or better to the fact that in the XV century it was simply a bloomed meadow.
In Campo de’ Fiori there were the executions and the punishments with rope, and here on Thursday 17 February 1600 the philosopher and Dominican friar Giordano Bruno was burned alive, accused of heresy, to his memory Ettore Ferrari in 1887 realized the bronzed monument on the same place of the stake.
From 1869 and until nowadays, it was the centre of a lively and colorful market whose popular atmosphere is rendered from the famous film Campo de’ Fiori f 1943 with Anna Magnani and Aldo Fabrizi.

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